The Yaris (named Vitz in Japan until 2020) is an automobile model produced by the Japanese car manufacturer Toyota since 1999 in Japan and from 2001 in France in Onnaing, near Valenciennes for the European market (except the version TS which was imported from Japan). It was also the most produced car in France in 2016 and 20171, ahead of the models of national manufacturers. And in 2012 it was the first car to obtain the “Origine France Garantie” label. In 2021, the 4th generation is elected “car of the year”.
First generation (1999-2006)
The first generation was available in three and five doors as well as a small minivan Toyota Yaris Verso, then called Toyota FunCargo in Japan. In three-volume form, the Yaris was sold as the Toyota Echo in North America until 2005 (name given to the 3-door in Australia) and as the Toyota Platz in Japan. It won the European Car of the Year trophy in 2000.
In 2003 restyling of the grille, headlights, dashboard as well as an optimization of the engines.
In 2004, a limited series of 400 copies of the Toyota Sport (TS) version was supercharged by a turbo which brought its power to 150 hp. This model was only reserved for the Swiss market.
Second generation (2005-2011)
The Toyota Yaris II is 4 cm longer than its predecessor and is also becoming available in Canada. A 90hp 1.4l D-4D diesel and a more rigid chassis are introduced.
The second generation of Yaris was launched in Europe in early 2006, following on the second generation of Vitz launched in Japan a year earlier. This time the Yaris is also called Yaris in the United States and Canada and is sold there in two or three volumes. In Japan, this three-volume variant (with visible trunk), not offered in Europe, is no longer called Toyota Platz but Toyota Belta and has a slightly extended wheelbase.
- VVT-i 1.0 liter 69 hp (51 kW) at 6,000 rpm, 93 N m, gasoline,
- 87 hp (64 kW) 1.3 liter VVT-i at 6,000 rpm, 132 N m, gasoline,
- VVT-i 1.3 liter 99 hp (74 kW) at 6,000 rpm, 132 N m, gasoline,
- D-4D 1.4 liter 90 hp (66 kW) at 3,800 rpm, 205 N m, turbo-diesel,
- 106 hp 1.5-liter VVT-i, gasoline, the only engine in North America.
- Yaris Luna,
- Yaris Sol (when starting the Yaris 2, it is automatically put in recycled air so as not to breathe the exhaust gases).
Release of the Yaris TS 132 VVT-i:
- Engine: 1798 cm3, 132 hp, 4 cylinders in line, Dual VVT-i. Aluminum block.
- Administrative power: 8 CV (in France)
- Distribution: DOHC 16 valves chain drive. Variable timing intake and exhaust.
- Power supply: electronic multipoint injection.
- Transmission: traction, 5-speed gearbox.
- Front suspension: MacPherson, anti-roll bar.
- Rear suspension: spring deformable axle and separate shock absorbers.
- Maximum torque: 174 N m at 4,400 rpm.
- Road holding: VSC (stability control), TRC (traction control), ABS, electronic brake force distribution (EDB), emergency brake booster (BA). 4 disc brakes (front ventilated).
- Wheels: 17 inch 6 “5 x 17 alloy rims, tires: 205/45 R 17.
- Comfort: Automatic air conditioning. CD / RDS / MP3 / WMA radio station, 6 speakers, steering wheel controls.
- Performance: max speed. on circuit: 194 km / h. 0 to 100 km / h in 9.3 s. 0 to 140 km / h in 16.8 s
Unique range: TS.
- Fuel: petrol only (42 l tank).
- Mixed consumption (liters / 100 km): 7.5 l.
- Carbon dioxide emissions CO2, Combined (g / km): 178.
- Safety: frontal safety airbags (driver and front passenger), driver knee protectors and front and rear curtain type. Achieved the maximum score of 5 stars in EuroNCAP (adult protection) tests.
- External dimensions: length: 3800 mm, width: 1695 mm, height 1530 mm, wheelbase: 2460 mm.
- Weight: 980 kg to 1120 kg.
- Colors: Silverstone gray metallic, black metallic, Chilean red, electric blue metallic. (metallic paint optional)
- Anti-theft: electronic immobilizer. Keyless opening / closing and starting system.
- Number of places: 5.
In 2011, Daihatsu released a new generation of its “Charade”. It is neither more nor less a rebadged Yaris II and produced in the same factory in Onnaing.
It was available with a single engine: the 1.3l VVT-i of 99hp; with metallic paint, painted shields, mirror caps and door handles also, ABS, electronic trajectory control, electronic brake distribution and airbag recess. No options were available in the catalog, but it did have remote central locking, manual air conditioning, electric power steering, fabric upholstery, leather gearshift knob, a leather steering wheel with audio controls for the CD MP3 radio.
You could ride a Charade with a manual gearbox for € 11,290 or € 12,040 for the version with a robotic gearbox.
It was the last Daihatsu sold on the European market until 2013.
Third generation (2011-2020)
The third generation Toyota Yaris was launched on December 22, 2010 in Yokohama, Japan, under its usual local name Vitz. The model was launched in Europe and other countries in September 2011.
This generation features a new 1.3-liter engine, announced to be more economical than the 1-liter 3-cylinder, and the “touch and go” multifunction screen.
This new model was presented at the Geneva Motor Show in March 201114.
Compared to the Yaris II, it loses 2 cm in height and gains 10 cm in length.
In 2014, the Yaris was restyled: the headlights, shields and taillights were redesigned.
For 2017, it gets make-up at the 2017 Geneva Motor Show with a redesigned grille, enlarged air intake and stretched tail lights on the tailgate.
The hybrid16 (HSD) version of the Yaris III, (1,085 kg17) has been marketed since June 2012 in Europe18.
Its Cx is 0.286. Its 286 dm3 trunk has the same volume as the other versions13. Its petrol engine has a displacement of 1.5 l (4 cylinders in line, 16 S19 with Atkinson cycle) and provides 74 hp at 4,800 rpm (maximum torque 111 N m between 3,600 and 4,600 rpm ). The tank is 36 liters. Its electric motor develops 45 kW (61 hp) and 169 N m10. The Yaris recovers energy when braking as well as during deceleration. The combined power is 100 hp20. The NiMH technology accumulator battery is located under the rear seat.
The transmission is fully automated, controlled by a computer and power electronics via electric motors (Electric Continuously Variable Transmission, HSD system). Electric mode is limited: by the battery capacity at around 2 km and by the kinematics of the transmission at 70 km / h. It has three driving modes (electric, eco and normal) 21. The Yaris hybrid emits 28% less CO2 than the non-hybrid gasoline version with one liter of displacement (79 g against 110 g). The absence of belts, in particular timing, clutch, starter, alternator, as well as the reduced stress on the brake pads (due to electric braking) allow maintenance costs to be minimized compared to conventional models10.
The Yaris hybrid was distinguished in 2012 from the non-hybrid by the trapezoidal grille and headlights22. It benefits from the presence of a 6.1-inch screen (optional GPS, radio and telephone), a reversing camera, two-zone automatic air conditioning and a keyless start with a button.
At the 2017 Geneva Motor Show, Toyota presents a sporty version of its Yaris, the Yaris GRMN. It stands out with its sharp front bumper, rear spoiler and central exhaust outlet. It has a 1.8 compressor engine that develops 210 hp and will compete with the Renault Clio RS, Peugeot 208 GTi and Ford Fiesta ST23. It is also presented at the Frankfurt Motor Show 2017. It will be sold from 2018 and limited to 200 copies for Japan and 400 copies for Europe, including 19 for France, 22 in Belgium and 50 in Switzerland.
The American version of the Yaris III (not Hybrid) has been manufactured at the Onnaing plant near Valenciennes since May 16, 2013. The differences with the European versions are minimal:
1,500 cc petrol engine instead of 1,300 cc with 5-speed manual or 4-speed automatic transmission; no diesel engine or hybrid version;
mandatory accessory in the United States: an Automatic Tire Pressure Control;
Indicator repeaters on the wing-side headlights instead of the mirrors 25.
In the United States and Canada, the Yaris Hybrid does not exist, it is replaced by the Prius C (assembled in Japan).
- 1.0 VVT-i 69hp (51 kW) petrol
- 1.4 D4-D 90hp (66 kW) diesel
- 1.3 VVT-i 99hp (74 kW) petrol
- 1.5 VVT-i 110hp (82 kW) petrol
- HSD: 1.5 VVT-i 75ch (54 kW) gasoline + electric (45 kW).
- France Business
- Design Y20
- Yellow Collection (Hybrid)
- Cyan Edition
- GR Sport
- 20th Anniversary
Fourth generation (2020-)
The Yaris IV is presented in October 2019 before the opening of the 2019 Tokyo Motor Show for sale in the second half of 2020. It is produced at the Toyota plant in Onnaing from July 6, 202027. March 1 2021, it is elected “car of the year 2021” 28.
In April 2020, Toyota presents the Yaris Cross, an urban crossover based on the Yaris IV.
The fourth generation of Yaris is based on the GA-B technical platform derived from the TNGA modular architecture.
The Yaris IV hybrid receives a new thermal engine (M15A FXE) three-cylinder Dynamic Force 1.5L with Atkinson cycle of 91 hp and 120 N m of torque, associated with an electric motor of 80 hp and 141 N m of torque, the whole delivering a cumulative power of 116 hp via the e-CVT transmission. An engine of the same displacement (M15A FSK) of 120 hp and 145 N m is available without hybridization with a 6-speed manual gearbox, as well as a 1.0L three-cylinder of 70 hp associated with a 5-speed manual gearbox.
In December 2019, Toyota unveils a teaser of the Yaris GR (still camouflaged), a sporty version of the Yaris IV with four-wheel drive thanks to an electronically controlled multi-plate clutch33 controlled according to 3 driving modes selecting the front / rear distributions: Normal ( 60/40), Track (50/50) or Sport (30/70).
The Yaris GR for Gazoo Racing is officially presented at the Tokyo Auto Salon on January 10, 202034. It differs from the production Yaris with its 3 doors (compared to 5), its widened fenders, its carbon roof and a double wishbone rear axle . Unlike the Yaris IV produced in France at Onnaing, it is assembled in Japan in the Motomachi workshops dedicated to Gazoo Racing models35.
The GR has a turbocharged 1.6 liter 3-cylinder engine with double injection (direct and indirect) (G16E-GTS) of 261 hp for 360 N m of torque (272 hp and 370 N m in Japan) mated to a six-speed manual transmission.
- head-up display;
- limited slip differential
- double exhaust outlet;
- 8.8 inch touch screen;
- 18-inch alloy rims;
- front and rear parking radars;
- Alcantara upholstery;
- JBL premium audio system;
- navigation system ;
- GR-Four transmission;
- Sport steering wheel.
- Torsen differential on each axle
- red brake calipers
- Sport rear brakes
- 18 inch forged rims
- circuit suspensions
Two special series are offered at launch:
- RZ “First Edition”, with aerodynamic kit painted black.
- RZ “High-Performance First Edition”, with matt black BBS forged aluminum rims.
French Origin Guaranteed
The Toyota Yaris has been produced in the Toyota plant in Onnaing, near Valenciennes since 2001. In 2012, with the third generation, it was the first car to obtain the “Origine France Garantie” label. It will be reissued in 2020 with the fourth generation