Rush Limbaugh

Rush Limbaugh

Personalities

Rush Limbaugh, born January 12, 1951 in Cap-Girardeau (Missouri) and died February 17, 2021 in Palm Beach (Florida) 1, is an American radio host and political columnist, known for his conservative positions. He hosts The Rush Limbaugh Show, broadcast throughout the United States by Premiere Radio Networks; it is the most listened to radio talk show in the country.

From the age of sixteen, Limbaugh worked as a disc jockey in a radio station. In 1984, he became the host of a political radio program in Sacramento, California. His show did not receive any guests, relying exclusively on his conservative political analysis as to its editorial line. In 1988, he left for New York where he hosted the national broadcast of his program on WABC radio. It was the beginning of his personal success and his national fame.

In the 1990s, his success went beyond radio to reach the press and television. He consecutively published two books that quickly became bookstore successes: The Way Things Ought to Be (1992) and See, I Told You So (1993) and were among the highest selling books in the New York Times bestseller ranking, The Way Things Ought to Be will stay there for 24 weeks2. Limbaugh later admitted that the text of his first book had been recorded and then transcribed by John Fonds, editor of the Wall Street Journal. For See, I Told You So, Joseph Farah of WorldNetDaily is cited as a contributor.

From 1992 to 1996, Limbaugh hosted a half-hour television talk show. A controversial figure in American politics and the media, Limbaugh frequently accuses the mainstream American media of being too leftist; he criticizes this “liberalism” of American politics and politicians, and promotes conservative positions.

Biography

Youth

Family and formation

Rush Limbaugh Hudson III was born in Cap-Girardeau, Missouri, to Mildred Carolyn “Millie” née Armstrong and to Rush Limbaugh Hudson, Junior. His father was a lawyer and former WWII fighter pilot who served in the China-Burma-India theater of operations. Her mother was from Searcy, Arkansas. The use of the first name “Rush” is due to her grandfather to honor the maiden name of a family member, Edna Rush.

His family has many lawyers, including his grandfather, father and brother David Limbaugh. His uncle, Stephen N. Limbaugh, Sr. is a federal judge appointed by Ronald Reagan in the District of Eastern Missouri. His cousin, Stephen N. Limbaugh, Jr., is currently a judge in the same court, where he was appointed by George W. Bush. Rush Limbaugh, Sr., Limbaugh’s grandfather, was a Missouri attorney, judge, special commissioner, member of the Missouri House of Representatives from 1930 to 1932, and long-time president of the Missouri Historical Society. The Cape Girardeau federal courthouse is named after Limbaugh in tribute to his grandfather.

Education
Rush Limbaugh began his radio career as a teenager in 1967 in his hometown of Cap-Girardeau, using the pseudonym Rusty Sharpe4,6. He graduated from Cape Central High School in 1969. Due to his parents’ wish for him to attend college, he enrolled at Southeast Missouri State University but left it after only two semesters and one summer. According to his mother, “he failed in everything”, and “he seemed to be interested in nothing except the radio”.

Rush Limbaugh’s date of birth was ranked 152nd in the lottery to go to the Vietnam War. However, no one was sent there from rank 125. He was classified as “4-F” due to a knee injury, either due to football or a diagnosis of pilonidal cyst.

Professional career

1970s

After dropping out of college, Rush Limbaugh moved to McKeesport, Pennsylvania. In 1972 he became a “Top 40” disc jockey on WIXZ, a small, shortwave radio station, however the station covered much of the Pittsburgh area. He started with an afternoon show and then moved into the morning slot, under the pseudonym “Jeff Christie”. Limbaugh moved again in 1973 to Pittsburgh for the KQV station as an evening disc jockey, succeeding Jim Quinn. He was fired there at the end of 1974, when the station was sold to Taft Broadcasting. Management reportedly told Limbaugh that he would never make a living on the airwaves and should consider going to work in commerce. Unable to find another job on the radio, Limbaugh returned to the family home in Cape Girardeau. There he became a lifelong fan of the Pittsburgh Steelers football team from this time of his life in the region.

Until the late 1970s, Rush Limbaugh found jobs at several music radio stations before settling in Kansas City. In 1979, he left the radio and accepted the position of promotion manager for the Kansas City Royals4 baseball team. There he became the close friend of star player George Brett, now retired, and the two friends have remained very close10.

1980s

In 1984, Rush Limbaugh returned to radio as a talk show host on “KFBK” in Sacramento, Calif., Where he replaced Morton Downey, Jr4. In 1987, the repeal of the “fairness doctrine” by the Federal Communications Commission, which required that stations provide free airtime for responses to any controversies that had aired on the air, allowed broadcast stations to broadcast editorials without having to present opposing views. Daniel Henninger wrote in the Wall Street Journal that “Ronald Reagan demolished this wall (the equity doctrine) in 1987 … and that Rush Limbaugh was the first man to proclaim the liberation of East Germany from the domination of liberal media ”11.

On August 1, 1988, after his success in Sacramento, Rush Limbaugh caught the attention of ABC Radio President Edward F. Mac Laughlin and moved to New York City where he began his national radio show. It began a few weeks after the Democratic National Convention, and a few weeks before the Republican National Convention. The Limbaugh show in New York was the model talk show for WABC stations, 770 AM, and remains the station’s flagship.

1990s

In December 1990, journalist Lewis Grossberger wrote in the New York Times that Rush Limbaugh had “more listeners than any other talk show host” and described his style as “alternating between serious teacher and comedian” 12. Limbaugh’s growing popularity coincided with the First Gulf War, and his support for the American war effort and his ridiculing of anti-war activists. The show gained more popularity and was broadcast by other stations reaching a wider audience, 650 radio stations nationwide reportedly rebroadcast the show.

In 1992, the Democratic Governor of Arkansas, Bill Clinton, was elected President of the United States. Rush Limbaugh satirized the political action of Clinton and First Lady Hillary Rodham Clinton, as well as that of members of the Democratic Party. When the Republican Party gained control of Congress following the 1994 election, the Republican freshman promotion awarded Limbaugh the title of honorary member in their caucus. This event reinforced him as an influential figure on the national political scene.

2000s

Rush Limbaugh shared his personal difficulties during the 2000s. At the end of 2001, he admitted that he was almost completely deaf, but that he was continuing his show. He was able to regain much of his hearing with the help of cochlear implants. In 2003, Limbaugh made a brief stint as a professional football commentator for ESPN. He resigned a few weeks after the start of the 2003 season after making comments on quarterback Donovan Mac Nabb, after a sports journalist and other colleagues interpreted his criticism as racist remarks to the against Mac Nabb14. Another sports analyst wrote that Limbaugh’s view was shared by “many football fans and other analysts” and “that it was … absurd to say that the sports media protect Donovan McNabb because he was black “15. In April 2006, Limbaugh reported himself and was arrested “on the sole charge of prescription fraud” 16. His case was subsequently struck off after an eighteen-month sentence of re-education and payment of legal costs was pronounced.

Private life

Rush Limbaugh was first married on September 24, 1977 to Roxy Maxine Mac Neely, a sales secretary at WHB radio station in Kansas City, Missouri. They were married at the Centennial United Methodist Church in Cape Girardeau, Missouri. In March 1980, Roxy Maxine Mac Neely filed for divorce for incompatibility of temper. They were officially declared divorced on July 10, 1980.

In 1983, Rush Limbaugh married Michelle Sixta, a college student and usher at the Kansas City Royals’ Stadium Club. They divorced in 1990 and Michelle remarried the following year.

On May 27, 1994, Rush Limbaugh married Marta Fitzgerald, a 35-year-old aerobics instructor whom he had met through the CompuServe online service in 1990.18 The ceremony was performed at the home of the Judge of the Supreme Court of the United States. United Clarence Thomas who officiated18,19. They separated on June 11, 200420. Rush Limbaugh announced on the air: “Marta has consented to my divorce, and we have agreed to seek an amicable separation, this platitude seems quite irrelevant: As I said it is a personal matter and I want this to continue. I don’t intend to say more about it on the air ”. The divorce was finalized in December 2004.21 In September 2004, Limbaugh began dating a new TV personality, Daryn Kagan, the couple separated in February 2006. He has reportedly been in a relationship with Kathryn Rogers, a programmer from Florida, since 2007.

The Rush Limbaugh Show

Limbaugh’s shows were broadcast for three hours each week starting at noon Eastern Time on both short wavelengths (AM) and frequency modulation (FM). The program is also broadcast worldwide on “Armed Forces Radio Network”.

Radio broadcasts shifted from smallwave (AM) to frequency modulation (FM) in the 1970s due to the ability to play stereo music with better fidelity. Rush Limbaugh was the first broadcaster to be franchised nationally in August 1988, around the time of the shortwave decline. Limbaugh’s popularity paved the way for other conservative radio station talk shows and to become commonplace on shortwave. In March 2006, WBAL in Baltimore became the first radio station in the country to drop the franchise program of the Limbaugh22 national broadcast. In 2007, Talkers magazine again named Limbaugh the number one talk show host in its “Heavy Cent” chart.

Rush Limbaugh often mentions the network’s EIB (“Excellence In Broadcasting”), but this is a mythical construct, as he told the New York Times in 1990.23 In fact, his talk show was franchised and co-owned, Edward F. Mac Laughlin, former president of ABC which founded EFM Media in 1988, with Rush Limbaugh as head poster. In 1997, Mac Laughlin sold EFM to Jacor Communications, which was eventually acquired by Clear Channel Communications. Today, Limbaugh owns the majority of the talk show, which is franchised by Premiere Radio Networks.

According to a 2001 article in U.S. News & World Report, Rush Limbaugh had an eight-year contract, worth $ 31.25 million per year. In 2007, Limbaugh earned $ 33 million 25. On July 2, 2008, Matt Drudge declared that Rush Limbaugh had signed a contract extension until 2016 at a level exceeding more than 400 million dollars annually, breaking all records in all broadcast media.

Incidents and controversies

Michael J. Fox’s Parkinson’s Disease Incident

On October 23, 2006, during his radio show, Rush Limbaugh singled out on “DittoCam” (the webcam for the subscriber site) the physical symptoms that actor Michael J. Fox had shown in a television commercial to raise awareness. of Parkinson’s disease27,28. He said, “Fox was exaggerating the effects of his illness. He moves around in circles with tremors, that’s purely a role… It’s really shameful of Michael J. Fox. Either he didn’t take his drugs or it plays a role. ”

Michael J. Fox later appeared on CBS with Katie Couric and said he was actually dyskinesic at the time, a consequence of taking antiparkinsonian drugs.

Parody of “Barack the magical negro”

On March 19, 2007, Rush Limbaugh responded to an editorial by David Ehrenstein of the Los Angeles Times, explaining that Barack Obama was putting himself in the role of the “magical negro”, and that this explained his appeal to voters31. Then later Limbaugh sang a song by Paul Shanklin called “Barack the Magic Negro” 32, sung to the tune of Puff the Magic Dragon.

Telephone controversy over impostor soldiers

On September 26, 2007, during the broadcast of Limbaugh’s show, Rush Limbaugh used the term “bogus soldiers” in responding to a listener supporting the soldiers criticizing the United States’ involvement in the Iraq war34,35,36 , 37,38 The listener, who had called himself a soldier for 14 years, had declared: “The media never speak of real soldiers. They love to film those soldiers who come back out of nowhere and talk to the media continuously. Limbaugh interrupted him, clarifying “the fake soldiers.” The listener replied, “The fake soldiers. If you talk to a real soldier, they are proud to serve. They don’t want to serve in Iraq anymore. They accept their sacrifice. , and they are ready to sacrifice themselves for their country.39 After the listener hung up, Limbaugh read an Associated Press dispatch relating to Jesse Macbeth who, enlisted in the army but without having completed his military training, had told alternative media that he and his unit had frequently committed war crimes in Iraq.40,41 On June 7, 2007, Macbeth pleaded guilty to misrepresenting the United States Department of Veterans Affairs and was sentenced to five months in prison plus three years’ probation.42,43,44 Media Matters for America noted Limbaugh’s use of the term “funny soldiers” in an article on their website The article suggests that Limbaugh allegedly said that all the soldiers who disagreed with the Iraq war were “bogus soldiers” 45, and their article received substantial media coverage when commented on in the speeches of presidential candidates John Edwards and Chris Dodd46. Limbaugh replied that by “fake soldiers” he meant only Jesse Macbeth or other soldiers like him who claimed to be a soldier when they were not, and that “Media Matters often used to release the comments. of their context “47. Media Matters replied that Limbaugh did not mention Jesse MacBeth on his radio show of September 26, 2007, during the minute and 50 seconds he spent discussing “fake soldiers” with the listener48. The unedited transcript of the radio show in question is also available on Rush Limbaugh’s website48. The unreleased transcript of the September 26, 2007 radio show is available on Rush Limbaugh’s website.

Operation Chaos

In an attempt to undermine the Democratic Party’s 2008 primaries campaign, Rush Limbaugh urged his listeners to vote for whoever was last in the race, an effort dubbed “Operation Chaos.” In Ohio, Limbaugh encouraged his listeners to register as Democrats and vote for Hillary Clinton. In Ohio, voters when registering must certify that they are registered with the Party they are voting for in the primary. About 16,000 Ohio Republicans switched parties for the election. The Ohio Attorney General’s office said it would be difficult to prove the fraudulent intent of every voter. Limbaugh said there was nothing wrong with Republicans voting Democratic in the primaries, especially as Democrats were able to vote for John McCain in Vermont, New Hampshire, Florida, and others. States, stating, “This is getting absurd. If it was not for the independents and the Democrats, Senator McCain would not be our candidate! ”

Hoping that the Democratic Party factions would cause disunity at their convention, Rush Limbaugh said that “the ideal end of Operation Chaos would be for it to continue until the Democratic Convention, and that we have a reissue of the Convention. 1968 Democratic National with burning cars, demonstrations, fire, and riots or all that is the focus here.

Obama Policy Comments

On January 16, 2009, Rush Limbaugh read a letter on his radio show that he had received a request from a national press outlet: … “If you could send us 400 words about your hope for the Presidency of Obama, we need it by Monday night, that would be ideal. He replied, “I don’t need 400 words, I need four: I hope he fails. He explained that he didn’t want “the absorption of most of the private sector by the US government as much as possible, from banking, to the mortgage market, to the auto industry, to health care. . I don’t want the government to be responsible for all of these things. I don’t want this to work. “He continued,” What is wrong with my speech? ; that I hope liberalism fails? Liberalism is our problem. Liberalism is what has put us here dangerously close to the precipice ”.

Rush Limbaugh later said he wanted to see Obama’s policy fail, but not the man himself. Speaking of Obama, Limbaugh said: “He is my president, he is a human being, and his ideas and his policies are what matters to me” .

Leader of the Republican Party

Rush Limbaugh was the keynote speaker at the 2009 Conservative Political Action Conference; his speech attracted general attention. On March 1, 2009, while White House chief of staff Rahm Emanuel answered a CBS “Face the Nation” question asking him who he saw as the Republican Party, Emanuel said Limbaugh was his choice.

In a speech broadcast on CNN on March 1, 2009, Michael Steele, chairman of the Republican National Committee, said that Limbaugh was just an “entertainer” and that his rhetoric at the Convention was “inflammatory” and “ugly” 60. Steele later phoned Limbaugh and apologized. Limbaugh said he didn’t want to run the RNC in his “sad sack” 61.

On March 2, 2009, Rush Limbaugh responded to Emanuel61 and on March 4, 2009, Limbaugh challenged President Barack Obama to come and discuss his radio show. Limbaugh offered to pay all expenses, including the President’s travel, food, lodging and his security.

TV show

Rush Limbaugh also had a time slot where he presented a half-hour television show, from 1992 to 1996, produced by Roger Ailes. The show covered many topics comparable to those on his radio show, and was recorded live. Rush Limbaugh said he preferred his radio62 show to his TV show.

Other media appearances

Rush Limbaugh’s first televised experience took place on March 30, 1990, when Pat Sajak was invited on CBS to come and speak in the last part of the evening on his Pat Sajak Show. Activists from Act Up New York, present in the audience64, heckled Limbaugh on several occasions, to such an extent that Limbaugh’s performance, pre-recorded in the studio, was ultimately not broadcast. In 2001, Sajak declared that this incident had remained “legendary on CBS” 65.

On December 17, 1993, Rush Limbaugh appeared on David Letterman’s Late Show66. Limbaugh also appeared as a guest (playing his own role) in a 1994 episode of Hearts Afire. He appeared in the 1995 Billy Crystal film Forget Paris, and in 1998 in an episode of the Drew Carey Show.

Events

In 2007, Rush Limbaugh made appearances on the Fox News Channel in a short-lived program, The 1/2 Hour News Hour, in a series of parodies presenting him as the future President of the United States. In these parodies, his vice president was his famous colleague in Conservative politics Ann Coulter. He also made an appearance on an episode of The Family Guy in 2009. In this episode, a Star Wars parody, Rush Limbaugh can be heard on the radio declaring, among other things, that “liberal intergalactic space” was living on climate change on planet “Hoth”, and that Lando Calrissian’s administrative position on “Cloud City” was the result of this administrative action.

His character has often been used as a model for a whole stereotypical talk show series on TV shows or in movies, including in an episode of The Simpsons (as a conservative radio talk show host named Birch Barlow), as Gus Baker in an episode of Beavis and Butt-head, as Lash Rambo (host of “broadcasting perfection”) in an episode of The New WKRP in Cincinnati, and as Fielding Chase in Columbo from the movie Butterfly in Shades of Gray.

As a result of his TV show, Rush Limbaugh was recognized as wearing distinctive ties. In response to the interest of viewers, Rush Limbaugh launched a line of ties67 designed primarily by Marta, his wife at the time. Ties sold over $ 5 million in the last year of sale, but the line was discontinued.

In January 2010, “Chicago Second City” announced a new production, Rush Limbaugh: The Musical, a musical parody with pastiches based on the success achieved by Rod Blagojevich Superstar in 2009 and which would be written and developed by the same creative team.

On January 30, 2010, Rush Limbaugh served on the jury for the 2010 Miss America election in Las Vegas.

Views and Opinions

Personal definition of the conservative movement

Rush Limbaugh wrote a controversial editorial page in the Wall Street Journal in 2005 in which he said:

“I like being a curator. We Conservatives are proud of our philosophy. Unlike our Liberal friends, who are constantly on the lookout for new words to cover up their true beliefs and are in a perpetual state of reinvention, we Conservatives are proud of our ideals.

We are confident in our principles and energetic in moving them forward. We believe in individual freedom, limited government, capitalism, the rule of law, faith, a clear-sighted society, and national security.

We support school choice, business zones, tax cuts, protection reform, faith-based initiatives, political debate, landlord rights and the war on terrorism.

And at the base of our movement, we revere and celebrate the most magnificent document that a country has ever ratified in establishing the laws governing it – the Constitution of the United States. With the United States Declaration of Independence, which recognizes our God, and gives us the inalienable right to be free, we have the foundation on which our government has been built and has enabled us to flourish as people.

We Conservatives are never stronger than when we advance our principles. ”

Balance sheet and various opinions

In the front page published in the New York Times bestseller list, Rush Limbaugh describes himself as conservative, and is critical of many media outlets asking them to be more objective. There he criticized centrist policies, independents as well as moderate conservatives, claiming that they were responsible for the Democratic victory of Barack Obama over Republican John McCain in the 2008 presidential elections and he called on them to quit the Republican party. He pleads for the sincere and serious adoption of the basic philosophy of conservatism in order to ensure the survival of the Republican Party.

Rush Limbaugh is an opponent of ecology and climatology74. He notably challenged anthropogenic analyzes of global warming, and the relationship between chlorofluorocarbons and the depletion of the ozone layer, asserting that no scientific evidence has demonstrated it75. Limbaugh has attacked scientific advice on climate change, saying the so-called scientific consensus is just a group of scientists organized around political dogma. You can’t get consensus in science… they think consensus is the only way to get their ideas across because people are going to think, “Oh, but all these wonderful people agree76. Limbaugh also used the term “Wacko environmentalists” in reference to left-wing advocates of environmental advocates.

Rush Limbaugh is staunchly anti-feminist, stating that “Feminism was created in order to allow women easier access to positions in society. “78. He also popularized the term “feminazi”, referring to about two dozen feminists “for whom the most important thing in life is to ensure that as many abortions can be performed” 79. He credited his friend Tom Hazlett, a professor of law and economics at George Mason University, for inventing the adjective. Limbaugh has always taken a tough stance against illegal immigration.

Rush Limbaugh is a supporter of the death penalty, saying: “The only cruel thing about the death penalty is that it doesn’t last longer than a minute.”

Regarding the Abu Ghraib Prison Scandal, where Iraqi prisoners were tortured and ill-treated, Rush Limbaugh said: “It is no different from what happens during the initiation ritual. of Skull and Bones… And we’re going to destroy the lives of military personnel and hamper our military effort, and then we’re really going to overwhelm them because they had a good time. You know, that these people get shot every day (referring to American personnel doing their military service in Iraq). Speaking of those people having had such a great time, have you ever heard of emotional release?

Rush Limbaugh asserted that African Americans, unlike other minority groups, are “left behind” in society because they were systematically trained at a young age to hate America by a movement led by figures such as Jeremiah Wright. , William Ayers, and Barack and Michelle Obama.

James Rainey of the Los Angeles Times quoted Rush Limbaugh’s comments during Barack Obama’s 2008 election as the 44th President of the United States as Democrats “taking your retirement savings system” and putting it in Safety social “.

Miscellaneous

Rush Limbaugh uses theatrical techniques in the presentation of his monologues regardless of the subject matter. On her show, homeless news is frequently preceded by the song by “Clarence Frogman Henry,” Ain’t Got No Home “. 87 Once, the song by Dionne Warwick “I Know I’ll Never Love This Way Again” received musical coverage before a report on AIDS patients88 These later became “condom updates “preceded by Fifth Dimension’s song,” Up, Up and Away (in My Beautiful Balloon). “87 For two weeks in 1989, on his Sacramento radio show, Limbaugh performed” sound “abortions, whenever he wanted. end a call with a listener, playing the sound of a vacuum cleaner on the air followed by a scream. He denied that he had not hung up on the listener, which he had promised not to do it. Limbaugh claims he used this gag to illustrate “the tragedy of abortion” and to highlight that the problem of abortion is t, according to him, a murder.

Identification of inaccuracies

Some groups and individuals have openly questioned the accuracy of what Rush Limbaugh said. In its July-August 1994 issue, Extra !, which is part of a progressive movement, FAIR, seeking to promote fairness and accuracy in reporting in journalism, found more than fifty inaccuracies and / or distortions in various comments by Limbaugh90,91. Since then other media or personalities have joined FAIR by investigating the facts and comments of Limbaugh. Al Franken, a songwriter, wrote a satirical book (Rush Limbaugh is a Big Fat Idiot and Other Observations translatable as “Rush Limbaugn is a triple idiot and other observations) in which he accused Limbaugh of distorting the facts to serve his own political prejudices92 “Media Matters for America”, a progressive non-profit organization, a veritable media watchdog, has also been critical of its ethics.

Rush Limbaugh has been criticized for errors by the Environmental Defense Fund, which is a non-governmental organization working in the field of environmental protection. A report written as an advocacy fund by Professors Michael Oppenheimer and David Wilcove, both biology professors at prestigious Princeton University specializing in Earth Sciences, lists fourteen important scientific facts which the two authors say have been purposely distorted. by Rush Limbaugh in his book The Way Things Ought to be. “94 The authors conclude that” Rush Limbaugh … allows his political bias to distort the truth on a whole range of important scientific questions. ”

On September 6, 2017, while Hurricane Irma ravaged the West Indies, he explained to his listeners that the media dramatized the consequences of hurricanes for political reasons which would be linked in particular to the promotion of theories on global warming95. Two days later he announced that he would be unable to ensure the broadcasting of his program from his house in Palm Beach, which he had to evacuate, while avoiding however specifying the exact reasons for this evacuation.

Charitable works

Telethon for leukemia and lymphoma

Rush Limbaugh is the host of an annual fundraising telethon called the “BEI Cure-a-Thon” 98 for the Leukemia & Lymphom Society 99. In 2006, the “BEI Cure-a-Thon” carried out its 16th telethon, collecting 1.7 million dollars100,101 and declaring to have totaled more than 15 million dollars since its first edition “102. According to the annual reports of the “Leukemia & Lymphoma Society”, Limbaugh would have personally contributed donations of between $ 100,000 and $ 499,999 from 2000 to 2005 and would have given $ 320,000 in 2007103 to the Leukemia and Lymphoma Society. . and Limbaugh claims to have personally contributed $ 250,000 in 2003, 2004 and 2005103,104. NewsMax reported that Limbaugh donated $ 250,000 in 2006105, but the Society’s annual report ranked him, for that same year in 2006, among donors between $ 500,000 and $ 999,999 103 Limbaugh donated $ 320,000 during the 2007 fiscal year106 when the Leukemia & Lymphoma Society had declared that it had reached $ 3.1 million in donations. Rush Limbaugh ultimately donated $ 400,000 to the Leukemia & Lymphoma Society after two listeners challenged his initial pledge of $ 300,000107.

The Rush Program: Adopt a Soldier 24/7

The Rush Limbaugh website created a page where American soldiers could sign up for a free subscription to Rush Limbaugh’s premium online service, Rush 24/7, through memberships purchased by donors who purchase a subscription (at a reduced price) as a donation.

Foundation for the Support of Marine Law Enforcement

Rush Limbaugh leads an annual campaign to benefit the Marine Law Enforcement Foundation to raise money to distribute scholarships for children of Marines and police officers and / or officers who have died in the line of duty109,110 . The foundation benefited from a record $ 2.1 million at eBay auction in October 2007 after Limbaugh put up for sale a critical letter against him signed by 41 Democratic senators and promised to match the sale price.

Health

Prescription Drug Addiction

On October 3, 2003 the “National Enquirer” announced that Limbaugh had been questioned after illegally obtaining prescription drugs: they were morphine painkillers, oxycodone and hydrocodone. Other media quickly confirmed this information112. Rush Limbaugh admitted to his listeners on October 10, 2003 on his radio program that he was addicted to prescription pain relievers and stated that he would undergo a one-month drug treatment immediately after the broadcast. Rush Limbaugh said his addiction to pain relievers dated back several years following severe back pain which was intensified by surgery, initially scheduled to correct his problems, which failed.

A subsequent investigation, initiated by the Palm Beach County District Attorney, found that Rush Limbaugh had violated Florida state laws relating to the regulation of prescription drugs; the Prosecutor lifted medical secrecy and allowed investigators to seize Limbaugh’s personal medical records seeking evidence of regulatory violations. On November 9, 2005, after two years of investigations, Assistant Prosecutor James L. Martz asked the court to override the patient-physician rights of confidentiality vis-à-vis Rush Limbaugh and allow the State of Florida to question his doctors, the motive being “I have no idea whether Mr. Limbaugh has committed a misdemeanor again” 114. Rush Limbaugh’s lawyer objected to the prosecutor’s intentions to question his doctors on the basis of patient privacy rights and argued that the prosecutor violated the Fourth Amendment to the United States Constitution as well as the rights of Rush Limbaugh in illegally seizing his medical file. The “American Union for Civil Liberties” issued a statement to this effect, supporting this thesis and filed an “amicus curiae” dossier in support of Rush Limbaugh’s defense115,116. On December 12, 2005, Judge David F. Crow rendered a ruling prohibiting the State of Florida from questioning Rush Limbaugh’s physicians “about the patient’s medical condition or any information disclosed by the patient to the practitioner during the care and treatment. ”

On April 28, 2006, Rush Limbaugh and his lawyer, Roy Black, went to the Palm Beach County Jail after an arrest warrant was issued against him for obtaining non-prescription drugs. Teri Barbera, the Sheriff’s spokesperson, said that during his arrest Limbaugh was photographed, his fingerprints were taken but he was not handcuffed. Rush Limbaugh was released after about an hour after posting $ 3,000 bail 118,119,120. After his surrender, Limbaugh pleaded “not guilty” to the charges against him. Prosecutors agreed to drop their charges if Limbaugh paid $ 30,000 to settle the cost of the investigation and if he completed an 18-month therapy regimen with his doctor. Limbaugh claimed that the state’s transactional deal resulted from a lack of evidence supporting the burden of purchasing non-prescription drugs. According to the agreement, Limbaugh cannot also own a firearm for a period of eighteen months and must continue to submit to drug searches, which he admits having been subjected to since 2003121.

Before his addiction became known, Rush Limbaugh condemned the illegal use of drugs on his TV show, stating that “the use of drugs, some might say, is destroying this country. Yet we have laws against the sale. drugs, drug surge, drug use, drug importation.… And then if citizens violate the law by taking these drugs, they must be accused, be found guilty and we must incarcerate them “.

According to Roy Black (one of Rush Limbaugh’s attorneys) “Rush Limbaugh was sued by this charge because of who he is. We believe that the Office of the Prosecutor applies dual legislation ”124.

In June 2006, Rush Limbaugh was detained by DEA agents at Palm Beach International Airport. Customs officials confiscated Viagra found in the luggage of Limbaugh who was returning from the Dominican Republic. The prescription was not in Limbaugh’s name.

After he was released from his dismissed charges, Limbaugh joked about the incident on his radio show, claiming he had obtained Viagra from the William J. Clinton Presidential Center as well as the Clinton Library and that they were blue like M & Ms’s. He also said “I had a good time in the Dominican Republic. I’m not telling you …” .

Deafness

Rush Limbaugh described himself as “100% totally deaf”. In 2001, the medical profession diagnosed him with a rare autoimmune inner ear disease (AIED), which, within three months, left his right ear completely deaf and his left ear severely deaf. “I can’t hear the television. I can’t listen to music. I am, for all intents and purposes, deaf – and it happened in three months. On December 19, 2001, otolaryngologists at the House Ear Clinic in Los Angeles were able to restore part of his hearing with the placement of a cochlear implant. Limbaugh benefited from the fitting of an implantable medical device: a “Clarion CII Bionic Ear”. In 2005, Limbaugh was forced to undergo plastic surgery due to an eye blink, a side effect of having his cochlear implants.

Cigar lover

By the early 1990s, when the fashion for cigars picked up, Rush Limbaugh was seen often with a cigar in hand, and by the late 1990s, cigars had become pretty much staple in Rush’s many public appearances. Limbaugh. Often the sequences of his program were interspersed with the phrase, “amid the floating clouds of fragrance and the first aroma of the first cigar smoke, even second and sometimes third cigar smoke”, as well as the mention of a history imprinted in his “old fingers yellowed by nicotine”, cigars became a main topic of discussion. In the spring of 1994, Limbaugh appeared on the cover of the popular magazine “Cigar Aficionado” and there told the story of his passion for cigars. Since then he has participated frequently in many events such as “The Big Smoke”, or has been invited throughout the year by the magazine. Rush Limbaugh has participated in numerous charity auctions held by cigar magazines, and is known to speak frequently with his listeners about his cigar and their interests, preferences and recommendations. “I think cigars are the most precious thing in enjoying life.”.

On January 20, 2020, he was diagnosed with advanced lung cancer, which caused him to give up his professional activity126. He died of this illness on February 17, 2021.

Hospitalization for chest pain

On December 30, 2009, while on vacation in Honolulu, Hawaii, Rush Limbaugh was transported to Queen’s Medical Center where he was admitted in serious condition with chest pain. An angiogram found no sign of heart disease.

Awards and recognition

A month after George HW Bush’s defeat to Bill Clinton in 1992, Ronald Reagan wrote a letter to Rush Limbaugh thanking him “for all you do to promote Republican and Conservative principles … [and] you are became number one for the voice of conservatism in our country.

Rush Limbaugh was in 1992, 1995, 2000 and 2005 the winner of the “Marconi Radio Award” as the Radio Franchise Personality of the Year (award given by the National Association of Broadcasters), joining the “Bob & Tom Show “while only four other presenters have won the Marconi Prize four times. He was inducted into the Radio Hall of Fame in 1993.

In 2002, Talkers magazine ranked Rush Limbaugh the greatest radio host of all time128 Rush Limbaugh is the highest paid radio host in his profession.

On March 29, 2007, Rush Limbaugh was the first animator to receive the “William F. Buckley, Jr.” Award. for the media, awarded by the “Media Research Center”, a conservative media analysis group.

On January 5, 2008, the conservative magazine Human Events announced that their “2007 Man of the Year” was none other than Rush Limbaugh.

On December 1, 2008, “TV Guide” magazine announced that Rush Limbaugh was named one of America’s Top Ten Most Fascinating People in 2008 for appearing on a December 4 Barbara Walters TV special. 2008 on ABC132.

On February 28, 2009, after his self-proclaimed 90-minute “First Address to the Nation”, broadcast live on CNN and Fox News and delayed on “CSPAN”, Rush Limbaugh was awarded the “Defender of the Constitution Award “as well as an original document signed by Benjamin Franklin, on behalf of the conservative movement” Conservative Political Action Conference “(CPAC), for having” defended the First Amendment of the Constitution of the United States … Rush Limbaugh is for America, exactly what Benjamin Franklin was to the Founding Fathers… we will succeed if we listen to Rush Limbaugh “.

Zev Chafets, whose book “Rush Limbaugh: An Army of One” is due sometime in 2010, wrote after the first primary of the 2010 US election season that Limbaugh was intelligence and the spirit behind the rebirth of the Republican Party after the election of President Obama in 2008. In May 2010, in an article in the “New-York Times”, Chafets attributed, among other things, the defeat of Arlen Specter to the Senate, to being referred to by Limbaugh as a “Republican just by name”. He further noted that Sarah Palin owed her most fed applause to an aphorism borrowed from Limbaugh asserting that the Republicans were not only the party of “No!”, But that of “Hell, no!” (For the grace of God, no!) More generally, Chafets wrote, that Limbaugh had favored the Party of “No!” Ronald Reagan, tough line of conservative Republicans, six weeks after the inauguration of Barack Obama, playing a fundamental role in promoting the “Tea Party Movement”.

Public perceptions

Rush Limbaugh’s audience share measurement is uncertain. Arbitron never released a national assessment for Limbaugh and said this work was complicated, expensive and time consuming to establish it. Arbitron has never attempted to aggregate all of its audience data and according to their spokesperson, Thom Mocarsky, “There is no economic motivation for any third party to do this analysis”.

In a March 2007 Rasmussen poll, 62% of respondents had an unfavorable opinion of Rush Limbaugh, while 33% of respondents had a favorable opinion136. More recently, in a February 2009 poll, 46% of respondents had a favorable opinion of Rush Limbaugh, while 43% considered him negatively, with 10% uncertain137. In a Gallup poll from February 2010, 45 percent of respondents said they had an unfavorable impression of Rush Limbaugh, with 28 percent having a favorable opinion. The supporter gap was large, between Republicans favoring Limbaugh 60% versus 23% and Democrats disapproving him 63% versus 6% .

Publications

In 1992, Rush Limbaugh published his first book, The Way Things Ought to Be, followed by See, I Told You So in 1993.139 Both were among the first titles on the New York Times bestseller list, The Way Things Ought to Bey even stayed for 24 weeks. Rush Limbaugh later admitted that the text of his first book had been recorded and then transcribed by John Fonds, a writer for the Wall Street Journal. In the second book, Joseph Farah of WorldNetDaily was cited as a contributor.

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