Mark Elliot Zuckerberg [mɑɹk ˈeliət ˈzʌkərbɜːrɡ] 1, born May 14, 1984 in White Plains, New York, is an American computer scientist, business leader and billionaire. He is the co-founder of the site and social network Facebook in 2004, of which he is the majority shareholder and also the CEO.
Forbes magazine ranks him 8th in global fortune in 2019, estimated at $ 74.1 billion.
Son of Karen (née Kempner), psychiatrist, and Edward Zuckerberg (en), dentist, Mark Zuckerberg was born in 1984 in White Plains, New York, to an American Jewish family. With his three sisters, Randi, Donna, and Arielle, he was raised in Dobbs Ferry, New York. He began to write computer programs in college.
The first version of Facebook was launched on February 4, 2004 with the help of Dustin Moskovitz, Eduardo Saverin and Chris Hughes2. Mark Zuckerberg is color blind, but the color blue is the one he sees best. It is therefore the one he chose to represent his site3. The success is immediate with the other students of the university. Access is gradually being granted to other universities (mainly the Ivy League), then to secondary schools, and finally to the general public. Success is everywhere.
However, Harvard students (Cameron and Tyler Winklevoss, as well as Divya Narendra) are suing Facebook, a month after its launch. They had, in fact, started several months ago to develop another social network site: the Harvardconnection. In October 2003, they had associated Mark Zuckerberg in their project, with the mission of finishing the source codes of the site and making it functional. Zuckerberg, bound by a “verbal agreement” and therefore considered to be an associate of the site, had taken the opportunity to develop the site The Facebook for his part in a few weeks, without working on the joint project as planned, mentioning a problem: ” asks if the site offers enough features to really grab the attention and gain the influence necessary for such a site to roll ”. A lawsuit was brought against him in March 2004, canceled for technical reasons in March 2007. A new complaint was filed and the procedure was the subject of an amicable agreement between the various parties: on June 25, 2008, Facebook paid over $ 65 million to Mark Zuckerberg’s ex-classmates4. According to Alexa Internet, Facebook is the second most visited site in the world. Mark Zuckerberg owns a 24% stake in his company.
According to the Wall Street Journal, in May 2009, a Russian investor proposed $ 200 million to increase the company’s capital to $ 10 billion provided he had a seat on the board of directors. Mark Zuckerberg would have refused because he says he is only open to proposals offering more latitude to his social network.
According to the Forbes 2010 ranking of the biggest fortunes on the planet, Mark Zuckerberg’s fortune is estimated at $ 6.9 billion, then $ 13.5 billion in 20115. At 23, he held the title of youngest billionaire in the world. the planet 6. At 35, he is the eighth richest person in the world with 62.3 billion dollars.
He is ranked 52nd in the 2008 ranking of the most influential people in the world drawn up by Time magazine.
In April 2010, he was very critical of the social network Twitter:
The disambiguation help page feed is ephemeral. We post something in the feed, it will stay there for a few hours, a number of people will be able to read it, and then it kind of disappears. As for the services that consume this stream, they do not really establish a connection between you and, they do not really understand the semantic relationship that exists between you and the connection that you have established.
In December 2010, he was elected personality of the year by Time9 magazine. At 25, this choice made her the youngest person chosen, after Charles Lindbergh.
Facebook goes public on Friday, May 18, 2012, the day Mark Zuckerberg has the honor of ringing the Nasdaq bell for his entry. A month earlier, on April 9, he created a surprise by spending a billion dollars to acquire the social network Instagram which is popular with young audiences. For the most part he acted alone. Then, 10 days before entering the Nasdaq, he allowed himself to publish a notice in which he admitted that Facebook was slow to implement its mobile strategy and that this could have an impact on their economic growth. . As a result, the IPO is a failure: the action starts at 38 dollars and closes the day at 38.23 dollars, almost on the spot.
For several months, the Facebook share will continue to tumble. Four months after its introduction, it is only worth half of its initial value. However, Zuckerberg will raise the bar: after a little over 3 years it is worth more than double its initial value.
At 27, Mark buys a new $ 7 million home in Palo Alto, California, near Facebook’s new offices. The house has five bedrooms for friends and family, a saltwater swimming pool and a music alcove, for a total area of 1,524 m211,12,13.
On May 19, 2012, at age 28, the day his Facebook site went public, he added to his Facebook page diary, as a “milestone” event, his marriage to Priscilla Chan (born February 24, 1985), pediatrician from Illinois, daughter of Chinese-Vietnamese immigrants14,15,16. On December 1, 2015, the couple announced to the press the birth of their first child, a daughter named Maxima17. On August 29, 2017, the couple posted a photo of him with their daughter Maxima and their newly born second daughter. They’ll call him August.
Mark Zuckerberg bought, in October 2014, 144 hectares of the paradise island of Kauai, for the sum of 66 million dollars (nearly 52 million euros) 18.
In November 2016, following Donald Trump’s victory over Hillary Clinton, Zuckerberg affirmed that “creating the world we want for our children” is a task “more important than any presidency”, ensuring that its objectives did not require necessarily the cooperation of the government, wanting to be optimistic and defending its social network from all responsibility in the outcome of the 2016 American presidential election19,20.
Some attribute political ambitions to him for the 2020 presidential election, although Mark Zuckerberg denies them. On the political subject, he refuses any Manichaeism, declaring: “I think it is difficult to join only the Democratic Party or the Republican Party. I am simply for a knowledge economy21. ”
In February 2019, he announced that Facebook was working on the blockchain and wanted to integrate it into its services.
In March 2019, Mark Zuckerberg called on public authorities around the world to play a “more active role” in regulating the Internet, in particular inviting more States to be inspired by European rules on the protection of privacy22 (GDPR).
He earns $ 25 billion between March and May 2020, during the Covid-19 pandemic.
Mark Zuckerberg, founder of Facebook
Mark Zuckerberg, American computer scientist, is known to have founded the social network Facebook in 2004, with his comrades Eduardo Saverin, Dustin Moskovitz and Chris Hughes, while he was a student at Harvard. In 2014, his fortune was estimated at $ 30 billion. In 2003, he met his partner Priscilla Chan, a pediatrician whom he married in 2012. The couple welcomed their first child, a little Max, in December 2015.
According to Forbes magazine, his personal fortune is estimated at 74.1 billion US dollars in 2019. He is therefore placed eighth on the list of billionaires of the world of Forbes24.
Mark Zuckerberg donated $ 999.2 million to the Silicon Valley Community Foundation. This gesture positions the founder of Facebook among the 50 most generous American donors in 2013 according to The Chronicle of Philantropy.
In 2012, Mark Zuckerberg is one of the founders of 2 of the 3 Breakthrough Prizes, and which rewards each year, ten winners to the tune of $ 3 million each: Breakthrough Prize in Life Sciences, a scientific prize which rewards work. which have increased human life expectancy, and the Breakthrough Prize in Mathematics, a mathematical prize awarded for the first time in 2015.
On December 1, 2015, he announced in a letter to his daughter the donation of 99% of his actions to charities through the creation of a foundation, the Chan Zuckerberg initiative.
On Wednesday September 21, 2016, Mark Zuckerberg and his wife, Priscilla Chan pledged $ 3 billion to “cure, prevent and manage all illnesses in the life of [their] children.” This money should be used to finance research, and focus in particular on projects “bringing together scientists and engineers to jointly build new tools that can benefit the entire scientific community, to achieve great advances”.
The Social Network
In October 2010, Mark Zuckerberg was portrayed on screen by actor Jesse Eisenberg, under the direction of director David Fincher in the film The Social Network, telling the story of the birth of Facebook28. Eisenberg evolves on the screen in particular alongside the actors Justin Timberlake, who plays for his part the co-founder of the Napster site, Sean Parker and Andrew Garfield playing the role of Eduardo Saverin. The film is produced, among others, by Kevin Spacey.
Zuckerberg gave an opinion in the American media on this cinematographic work, he indicated in particular “that it would be funny to remember that this period of his life could have resulted in a film” 29. According to Mark Zuckerberg, the reported facts are true but the character of the characters does not match reality. The film is the extension of a biography, La Revanche d’un solitaire, the true story of Facebook (published by Max Milo, written by Ben Mezrich), published in January 201030.
In 2011, he lends his voice to his own character in the episode Funny Legacy, of the 22nd season of the American animated television series The Simpsons31.
In a bonus episode of Epic Rap Battles of History, Mark Zuckerberg takes on Tesla CEO and SpaceX creator Elon Musk.
Prizes and awards
- 2016: Axel Springer32 Award
- 2010: California Hall of Fame
- 2010: Personality of the year according to Time Magazine with the mention “The Connector”
- 2017: Honorary Doctorate from Harvard University.